As with Thailand. medical tourism started to receive attention from the Malaysian government in the wake of the Asian Financial crisis as a tool for economic diversification in the healthcare and tourism industries.   The National Committee for the Promotion of Medical and Health Tourism (NCPMHT) was formed by the Ministry of Health in January 1998.  Following on this, private hospitals (and some corporatised government-owned hospitals, like the Institut Jantung Negara ) – concentrated mainly in the states of Penang. Malacca. Selangor. Sarawak. and Johor – worked alongside and through their respective state governments; private hospital associations; and the Malaysian Ministries of Health, Tourism, and Trade and Industry to promote medical tourism. In 2009, the Ministry of Health set up the Malaysia Healthcare Travel Council (MHTC) to replace the NCPMHT and to serve as the primary agency to promote and develop the country’s medical tourism industry as well as position Malaysia as a healthcare hub in the Southeast Asian/ ASEAN region.